Reynier, State of Egypt, 1802
State of Egypt, after the Battle of Heliopolis; Preceded by General Observations on the Physical and Political Character of the Country, by Reynier, General of Division. Translated from the French. With a Map of Lower Egypt. London: Printed for G. And J. Robinson, Paternoster-Row; by S. Hamilton, Falcon-Court, Fleet-Street. 1802.
Octavo volume in original half diced-leather binding with blue marbled boards. Gold text and details on spine. Blue specked page edges. Leaves blued. Book plate on front paste down (Willm. Markham Esq.). Gorgeous large fold out map of lower Egypt after ffep. Two large fold-out tables detailing military strength and stations at rear, preceding fly leaf. Large areas of transparent brownish discoloration on marbled boards, apparently leaching towards the center from leather treatment. A few other small foci of brown stain near center of front board. A small band of brownish stain at top edge of pages 111 to 113, only involving margin, not text. Otherwise only sparse foxing. Leaves crisp, and bright. Binding tight throughout. Hinges intact. Externally good, internally very good.
Jean Louis Ebénézer Reynier (1771 – 1814) was a Swiss-French who led the military campaign, under Napolean Bonaparte, in Egypt and Syria (1798 – 1801). This campaign led to the discovery of the Rosetta Stone (which was the key to later translating Hieroglyphs).
Heliopolis was among the oldest cities in Egypt, having been occupied since predynastic times. In Coptic the city is known as On. It is referenced, in Hebrew, in Gensis chapter 41 (“priest of On”) as well as in the major prophets of the Old Testament.